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Carlquistia

Conservation status

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Imperiled (NatureServe)

Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Subfamily: Asteroideae
Tribe: Madieae
Subtribe: Madiinae
Genus: Carlquistia
B.G.Baldw.
Species:

C. muirii

Binomial name
Carlquistia muirii

(A.Gray) B.G.Baldw.

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Synonyms[1]
  • Raillardella muirii A.Gray
  • Raillardiopsis muirii (A.Gray) Rydb.

Carlquistia is a rare North American genus of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae containing the single species Carlquistia muirii. Formerly named Raillardiopsis muirii, the plant was reexamined in the 1990s and moved lớn a new genus of its own, separate from similar and closely related genera, such as Madia.[2] Common names for the species include Muir's tarplant,[3] Muir's raillardiopsis,[4] and Muir's raillardella.[5]

This plant is related lớn the silversword alliance of Hawaiian plants.[2][6]

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The genus was named for the American botanist Sherwin Carlquist (1930–2021).[2] The specific epithet "muirii" honors Scottish-American naturalist, John Muir (1838–1914).[7]

Description[edit]

Carlquistia muirii is a rhizomatous perennial herb forming clumps or mats of stems with hairy green pointed leaves up lớn about 4 centimeters long. Leaves are arranged oppositely on the lower stem, and alternately higher up. The inflorescence is usually made up of a solitary glandular flower head on an erect stalk. The head contains many yellow disc florets but no ray florets. The fruit is a very narrow achene which may exceed one centimeter in length including its pappus of plumelike bristles.[2]

Distribution[edit]

Carlquistia muirii is endemic lớn California. It has a discontinuous distribution, occurring in the southern Sierra Nevada (Fresno, Tulare, and Kern Counties) and on the other western side of the San Joaquin Valley around the Ventana Double Cone in the Santa Lucia Mountains of Monterey County.[2][8]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

  • Carlquistia muirii. United States Department of Agriculture plants profile
  • Carlquistia muirii. CalPhotos photo gallery, University of California.